Energy does not "vanish"
The energy of a closed system is steady. It is not lost but rather converted into other forms, such as when kinetic energy is transferred into thermal energy or vice versa heat results in a force.
However, this fundamental principle of natural science is often still a problem for climate research. For example, in case of the calculation of ocean currents, where small-scale vortices as well as mixing processes they induce need to be considered, without fully understanding where the energy for their creation originates from. This is similar in the atmosphere, the only difference being that air is moving instead of water. Again, local turbulences can drive larger movements or vice versa waves on a larger scale can disintegrate into small structures. All these processes are important for the Earth’s climate and determine how temperatures will rise in the future ...
Burchard, H., Basdurak, N. B., Gräwe, U., Knoll, M., Mohrholz, V., and Müller, S. (2017). Salinity inversions in the thermocline under upwelling favorable winds. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL072101.
Franzke, C. L., and O'Kane, T. J. (Eds.). (2017). Nonlinear and Stochastic Climate Dynamics. Cambridge University Press.
Gonchenko, S. V., and Ovsyannikov, I. I. (2017). Homoclinic tangencies to resonant saddles and discrete Lorenz attractors. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems Series, Vol 10 (2), p. 273-288, doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2017013.
Franzke, C. L. (2017). Extremes in dynamic-stochastic systems. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 27(1), 012101.
Our project simply explained
The TRR 181 seminar is held every two weeks in the semester and as announced during semester break. The locations of the seminar changes between the three TRR181 locations, but is broadcastet online for all members of the TRR.
A Winter School is held on "Diversity of planetary circulation regimes, in our solar system and beyond"at the Les Houches Physics center ( http://houches.ujf-grenoble.fr/ ) March 6-10, 2017. The school is supported by the TRR 181.
The Lothar Collatz School for Computing in Science organizes the workshop entitled *Recent Trends and Future Developments in Computational Science & Engineering* which takes place during 20-24 March 2017 in Plön.
A collaborative symposium with the SFB 1114 "Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems" is held in Berlin March 2017 during a conference on "Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems".