Area W: Wave Processes
Area W focuses on gravity waves in ocean and atmosphere. Gravity waves occur within a fluid or at the interface between two media of different density when the force of gravity or buoyancy tries to restore equilibrium. They exist for example at the surface of the ocean or even within the ocean or atmosphere if the fluid is stratified in density. These latter waves are called internal gravity waves. The projects in area W investigate internal wave processes the ocean and extend new ideas to the atmosphere.
Internal wave energetics in atmosphere and ocean
We aim to further improve our understanding of internal wave energetics in atmosphere and ocean by investigating how internal gravity waves form, change by interactions with one another or their surroundings, and lose their energy to the mean flow or small-scale turbulence. The strong collaboration of meteorologists and oceanographers, theoreticians and experimentalists, promises unprecedented synergy effects and improved parameterizations of gravity wave effects in ocean and atmosphere general circulation models.
Overarching research questions in area W are:
- What are the main mechanisms dominating internal wave energetics in the atmosphere and how can we better parameterize them in global models?
What are the main mechanisms dominating internal wave energetics in the ocean and how can we better observe and parameterize them in global models?
Eden, C. & Olbers, D. (2017). A closure for internal wave-mean flow interaction. Part B: Wave drag. J. Phys. Oceanogr., doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0056.1.
Olbers, D. & Eden, C. (2017). A closure for internal wave-mean flow interaction. Part A: Energy conversion.J. Phys. Oceanogr., doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0054.1.
Eden, C. & Olbers, D. (2017). A closure for eddy-mean flow effects based on the Rossby wave energy equation. Ocean Model., 114, 59-71, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.04.005.
Pollmann, F., Eden, C. & Olbers, D. (2017). Evaluating the Global Internal Wave Model IDEMIX Using Finestructure Methods.Am. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0204.1.
Köhler, J., Völker, G.S. & Walter, M., (2018). Response of the Internal Wave Field to Remote Wind Forcing by Tropical Cyclones, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 48, 317-328, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-17-0112.1.
Chouksey, M., Eden, C., & Brüggemann, N. (2018). Internal gravity wave emission in different dynamical regimes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 48(8), 1709-1730, doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-17-0158.1.
Olbers, D., Eden, C., Becker, E., Pollmann, F., & Jungclaus, J. (2019). The IDEMIX Model: Parameterization of Internal Gravity Waves for Circulation Models of Ocean and Atmosphere. In Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (pp. 87-125). Springer, Cham., doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05704-6_3.
Mertens, C., Köhler, J., Walter, M., von Storch, J. S., & Rhein, M. (2019). Observations and Models of Low-Mode Internal Waves in the Ocean. In Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (pp. 127-143). Springer, Cham., doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05704-6_4.
Eden, C., Chouksey, M., & Olbers, D. (2019). Mixed Rossby–gravity wave–wave interactions. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 49(1), 291-308.
Pollmann, F., J. Nycander, C. Eden and D. Olbers (2019). Resolving the horizontal direction of internal tide generation. J. Fluid Mech., Vol. 864, pp. 381-407, doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.9.