Energy does not vanish
The energy of a closed system is steady. It is not lost but rather converted into other forms, such as when kinetic energy is transferred into thermal energy or vice versa heat results in a force.
However, this fundamental principle of natural science is often still a problem for climate research. For example, in case of the calculation of ocean currents, where small-scale vortices as well as mixing processes they induce need to be considered, without fully understanding where the energy for their creation originates from. This is similar in the atmosphere, the only difference being that air is moving instead of water. Again, local turbulences can drive larger movements or vice versa waves on a larger scale can disintegrate into small structures.
All these processes are important for the Earth’s climate and determine how temperatures will rise in the future.
Existing climate models show energetic and mathematical inconsistencies which may lead to fundamental errors in climate forecasts. Now is the right time to combine recent efforts in Meteorology, Oceanography and applied Mathematics and to go new ways.
Our Postdoc Knut Klingbeil and PI Hans Burchard published a new paper in the "Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans" titled: "Numerical Study of the Exchange Flow of the Persian Gulf Using an Extended Total Exchange Flow Analysis Framework".
Our PhD Gökce Tuba Masur and PI Marcel Oliver published a new paper in the journal for "Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics" titled: "Optimal balance for rotating shallow water in primitive variables".
Our newsletter comes out every three months and includes information about the work done in our project and more.
Peng, J.-P., Holtermann, P. & Umlauf, L. (2020). Frontal instability and energy dissipation in a submesoscale upwelling filament. J. Phys. Oceanogr.
Lembo, V., Lucarini, V., & Ragone, F. (2019). Beyond Forcing Scenarios: Predicting Climate Change through Response Operators in a Coupled General Circulation Model. Sci. Rep.,arXiv preprint arXiv:1912.03996. (accepted)
Kutsenko, A. A. (2020). An entire function connected with the approximation of the golden ratio. Am. Math. Monthly, preprint arXiv:1906.01059. (accepted)